27 Fantastic Vintage Circus Posters from the Late 19th Century

A circus is a company of performers who put on diverse entertainment shows that may include clowns, acrobats, trained animals, trapeze acts, musicians, dancers, hoopers, tightrope walkers, jugglers, magicians, ventriloquists, and unicyclists as well as other object manipulation and stunt-oriented artists. The term circus also describes the performance which has followed various formats through its 250-year modern history. Although not the inventor of the medium, Philip Astley is credited as the father of the modern circus. In 1768, Astley, a skilled equestrian, began performing exhibitions of trick horse riding in an open field called Ha’Penny Hatch on the south side of the Thames River. In 1770, he hired acrobats, tightrope walkers, jugglers and a clown to fill in the pauses between the equestrian demonstrations and thus chanced on the format which was later named a “circus”. Performances developed significantly over the next fifty years, with large-scale theatrical battle reenactments becoming a significant feature. The traditional format, in which a ringmaster introduces a variety of choreographed acts set to music, developed in the latter part of the 19th century and remained the dominant format until the 1970s.

As styles of performance have developed since the time of Astley, so too have the types of venues where these circuses have performed. The earliest modern circuses were performed in open-air structures with limited covered seating. From the late 18th to late 19th century, custom-made circus buildings (often wooden) were built with various types of seating, a centre ring, and sometimes a stage. The traditional large tents commonly known as “big tops” were introduced in the mid-19th century as touring circuses superseded static venues. These tents eventually became the most common venue. Contemporary circuses perform in a variety of venues including tents, theatres and casinos. Many circus performances are still held in a ring, usually 13 m (42 ft) in diameter. This dimension was adopted by Astley in the late 18th century as the minimum diameter that enabled an acrobatic horse rider to stand upright on a cantering horse to perform their tricks.

Contemporary circus has been credited with a revival of the circus tradition since the late 1970s, when a number of groups began to experiment with new circus formats and aesthetics, typically avoiding the use of animals to focus exclusively on human artistry. Circuses within the movement have tended to favour a theatrical approach, combining character-driven circus acts with original music in a broad variety of styles to convey complex themes or stories. Contemporary circus continues to develop new variations on the circus tradition while absorbing new skills, techniques, and stylistic influences from other performing arts. (Wikipedia)

Around the joint of the 19th and 20th centuries, stage tricks were a mainstay of theater entertainment. To seduce the crowd there were posters, each fashioned with feverish, hallucinatory images of death, evil, the Beast, phantasmagoria and the darkest magic.

The occult was a big lure. The subconscious was pricked. Here, below is a collection of 27 attractive posters advertising the circus and magic performances in the Victorian era.

Female trapeze acrobats at circus, 1890
Funny scenes on bicycles and skates, poster for Barnum & Bailey, 1900
Kellar and his servants, magician poster, 1894
Kellar in the woods with demons, magician poster, 1900
Kellar the magician, performing arts poster, 1894
Kellar toasts the Devil, performing arts poster, 1899
Levitation 2, magician poster Kellar, 1894
Levitation 3, magician poster for Kellar, 1900
Levitation, magician poster Kellar, 1894
Louis Cyr, strongest man on earth, 1898
Marvelously trained sea lions & seals, poster for Forepaugh & Sells Brothers, 1899
Scenes in the grand water circus, poster for Barnum & Bailey, 1895
Self decapitation, magician poster for Kellar, 1897
Terrific flights over ponderous elephants, poster for Forepaugh & Sells Brothers, 1899
The great Coney Island water carnival, poster for Barnum & Bailey, 1898.
The great Coney Island water carnival, poster for Barnum & Bailey, 1898
The marvelous foot-ball dogs, poster for Barnum & Bailey, 1900
The Orfords, poster for Forepaugh & Sells Brothers, ca. 1897
The Sandow Trocadero Vaudevilles – Sandow lifting the human dumbell, 1894
Troupe of very remarkable trained pigs, poster for Barnum & Bailey, 1898
Twenty funny felt-crowned fools, poster for Forepaugh & Sells Brothers, 1899
Wm. H. West’s Big Minstrel Jubilee – The De Elmar Trio, vaudeville poster, 1900
Wondrous Wild Beasts, poster for Forepaugh & Sells Brothers, 1897
Zan Zig performing with rabbit and roses, magician poster, 1899
A congress of the great birds of the world, poster for Forepaugh & Sells Brothers, ca. 1898
Champion great danes from the Imperial kennels, poster for Forepaugh & Sells Brothers, ca. 1898

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: