Beautiful Color Photos of Brigitte Bardot from 1958

Brigitte Bardot was photographed by Mark Shaw in 1958. Mark, who often predicted who would become stars, thought one of these images of Bardot should have been used as a cover for LIFE, but LIFE, alas, did not have Mark’s vision. Another variation was instead used by the American Society of Magazine Photographers in 1959, as the cover of their industry magazine “Infinity.”

Brigitte Bardot was known as one of the ultimate sex symbols of the 1950s and 1960s. Bardot shot to fame when she was only a teenager. After making her film debut in 1952, the iconic blonde bombshell made international waves, quickly grabbing the attention of Hollywood bigwigs.

In her early life, Bardot was an aspiring ballet dancer. In 1947 Bardot was accepted to the Conservatoire de Paris, and for 3 years she attended the ballet classes of Russian choreographer Boris Knyazev.

She later modeled for a fashion magazines and began a career as an actress. Her early films were generally romantic dramas, some historical, in which she was cast as ingénue or siren, often in varying states of undress. The film And God Created Woman (1956) with Jean-Louis Trintignant, about an immoral teenager in a respectable small-town setting, was her first international success.

(Photos by Mark Shaw)


40 Vintage Photos Showing New York during the 1920s

New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State, or NYC for short, is the most populous city in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over 300.46 square miles (778.2 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the State of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban area. With over 20 million people in its metropolitan statistical area and 23,582,649 in its combined statistical area as of 2020, New York is one of the world’s most populous megacities. New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, significantly influencing commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, dining, art, fashion, and sports, and is the most photographed city in the world. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy, and has sometimes been called the capital of the world.

Situated on one of the world’s largest natural harbors, New York City is composed of five boroughs, each of which is coextensive with a respective county of the State of New York. The five boroughs—Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County), and Staten Island (Richmond County)—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single municipal entity in 1898. The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016. As of 2019, the New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $2.0 trillion. If the New York metropolitan area were a sovereign state, it would have the eighth-largest economy in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.

New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded on the southern tip of Manhattan Island by Dutch colonists in approximately 1624. The settlement was named New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) in 1626 and was chartered as a city in 1653. The city came under English control in 1664 and was renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November 1674. New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is a symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship, and environmental sustainability, and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. In 2019, New York was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity.

Many districts and monuments in New York City are major landmarks, including three of the world’s ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013. A record 66.6 million tourists visited New York City in 2019. Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world’s busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world’s entertainment industry. Many of the city’s landmarks, skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world, as is the city’s fast pace, spawning the term New York minute. The Empire State Building has become the global standard of reference to describe the height and length of other structures. Manhattan’s real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. Providing continuous 24/7 service and contributing to the nickname The City That Never Sleeps, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. The city has over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, and the City University of New York system, which is the largest urban public university system in the United States. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world’s leading financial center and the most financially powerful city in the world, and is home to the world’s two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. (Wikipedia)

A street scene in Canarsie, Brooklyn, 1920
Father and daughter take in the scene at the Riverside Park boat club in the Hudson River, 1920
Fifth Avenue toward Washington Square, 1920
Fish store at 57th and 10th Ave, 1920
Horse carts and trucks near the Battery, 1920
Wyckoff Street looking east at Nevins Street, Brooklyn, 1920
A lone policeman guards the end of the trolley line on Roebling Street at the Williamsburg Bridge plaza, Brooklyn, 1921
Columbus Circle in 1921
Atlantic Ave looking west from the Sackman St bridge, Brooklyn, 1923
Columbus Circle, New York, 1923
Fifth Avenue, 120th Street to Mount Morris Park, Harlem, 1923
The SS Leviathan of United States Lines and Singer Building, 1923
Buses and taxis on Fifth Ave., 1924
Lincoln Place toward Washington Ave in Prospect Heights, Brooklyn, 1924
Luna Park on a busy weekend looking north along Jones Walk from entrance on Surf Ave, Coney Island, Brooklyn, 1925
An endless stream of 1920s cars and buses line up to take a ride through the brand new Holland Tunnel on opening day, 1927
Blake Ave. from east 98th St. toward Union St., Brooklyn, 1927
The Barclay-Vesey building (NY Telephone, later called Verizon) from the Hudson River, 1927
TImes Square in 1927
West 77th Street, New York, 1927
An aerial view of New York City, 1928
Coney Island, 1928
Lower Broadway ticker-tape parade, 1928
Socony gas station specializing in Dodge and Studebaker, Brooklyn, 1928
5th Avenue and 57th Street, 1929
42nd Street, Manhattan, 1929
Avenue M and Chestnut Avenue, looking east from East 13th St., Brooklyn, 1929
Cleaner sweeping the floor after the Wall Street crash, 1929
Pitkin Avenue looking west from Pennsylvania Avenue, Brooklyn, 1929
Utica Ave. (with virtually nothing built on its sides) looking south to Maple St. from east New York Ave., Brooklyn, 1929
Wall Street investor tries to sell an automobile, 1929
Battery Park, 1922
Lower Manhattan, 1920s
34th Street & Fifth Avenue, 1922
Times Square, 1922
Times Square, 1923
The Lowell Fountain at Bryant Park, 1920s
Columbus Circle, 1924
Union Square, 1921
Herald Square, 1923

51 Amazing Photos of Ballet Dancers of the Paris Opéra in the Early 1860s

Most of the portraits in this set from The Library of Nineteenth-Century Photography that show ballet dancers of the Paris Opéra in the early 1860s. They were taken by French photographer, and inventor of the carte-de-visite André Adolphe Eugène Disdéri (1819-1889).

Aléxandrine Simon, a dancer with the Paris Opéra
Amalia Ferraris (1830 – 1904)
Amalia Ferraris (1830 – 1904)
Amalia Ferraris (1830 – 1904)
Amalia Ferraris and Louis Mérante
Amelia Marguerite Badel, aka Rigolboche (1842 – 1920)
Augustine Malot
Blanche Montaubry
Carlotta Morando
Carlotta Morando
Caroline and Louis Mérante
Célestine Emarot (1824 – 1892)
Clothilde Laurent
Elisa Troisvallets
Elisa Troisvallets
Emma Livry (1842 – 1863)
Emma Livry (1842 – 1863)
Emma Livry (1842 – 1863)
Ernestine Urban
Eugène Coralli (1834 – 1870)
Eugénie Fiocre (1845 – 1908)
Eugénie Fiocre (1845 – 1908)
Eugénie Fiocre (1845 – 1908)
Eugénie Fiocre (1845 – 1908)
Eugénie Schlosser
Irène Jousse, a dancer with the Paris Opéra
Josephine Durwend, aka Finette, a can-can dancer
Josephine Durwend, aka Finette, a can-can dancer
Julie Stoïkoff
Léontine Beaugrand (1842 – 1925)
Louis Mérante (1828 – 1887)
Louise Fiocre (1841-1871)
Louise Fiocre (1841-1871)
Louise Fiocre (1841-1871)
Louise Fiocre (1841-1871)
Maria Cretin, a dancer with the Paris Opéra
Marie Delaporte (1838 – 1910)
Marie Taglioni (1804 – 1884)
Marie Vernon
Marie Vernon
Mariia Surovshchikova-Petipa (1836 – 1882)
Mariia Surovshchikova-Petipa (1836 – 1882)
Mariia Surovshchikova-Petipa (1836 – 1882)
Mariia Surovshchikova-Petipa (1836 – 1882)
Martha Mouravieva
Mercier, a dancer with the Paris Opéra
The dancers Eugénie Schlosser and Eugène Coralli
The French balletmaster and choreographer Louis Mérante and the Russian dancer Martha Mouravieva
The Walter sisters, dancers with the Paris-Opéra
Zina Mérante (1832 – 1890)
Zina Mérante (1832 – 1890)

60 Historical Photos of the Battle of Vimy Ridge During the Great War, 1917

The Battle of Vimy Ridge was part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War. The main combatants were the four divisions of the Canadian Corps in the First Army, against three divisions of the German 6th Army. The battle took place from 9 to 12 April 1917 at the beginning of the Battle of Arras, the first attack of the Nivelle Offensive, which was intended to attract German reserves from the French, before the French attempt at a decisive offensive on the Aisne and the Chemin des Dames ridge further south, several days later.

The Canadian Corps were to capture the German-held high ground of Vimy Ridge, an escarpment on the northern flank of the Arras front. This would protect the First Army and the Third Army farther south from German enfilade fire. Supported by a creeping barrage, the Canadian Corps captured most of the ridge during the first day. The village of Thélus fell during the second day, as did the crest of the ridge, once the Canadian Corps overran a salient against considerable German resistance. The final objective, a fortified knoll outside the village of Givenchy-en-Gohelle, fell to the Canadians on 12 April. The 6th Army then retreated to the Oppy–Méricourt line.

Historians attribute the success of the Canadian Corps to technical and tactical innovation, meticulous planning, powerful artillery support and extensive training, as well as the inability of the 6th Army to properly apply the new German defensive doctrine. The battle was the first occasion when the four divisions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force fought together and it was made a symbol of Canadian national achievement and sacrifice. A 100 ha (250-acre) portion of the former battleground serves as a memorial park and site of the Canadian National Vimy Memorial. (Wikipedia)

Loading a large naval gun on the Canadian front, taken during the Battle of Vimy Ridge. 9-12 April 1917.
Canadians searching captured German trenches for hiding Germans at Vimy Ridge, during the Battle of Vimy Ridge. 9-12 April 1917.
A machine gun emplacement on the crest of Vimy Ridge and the men who drove the Germans from it during the Battle of Vimy Ridge. 9-12 April 1917.
Stretcher bearers and German prisoners bringing in wounded at Vimy Ridge, during the Battle of Vimy Ridge. 9-12 April 1917.
German first line captured & Canadians on the crest of the Ridge advancing on Hun third line trench. Vimy Ridge. April,1917
28th Anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge. Gen. Crerar, of the 1st Canadian Army, talking to veterans. 9 April 1945
29th Infantry Batallion advancing over “No Man’s Land” through the German barbed wire and heavy fire during the Battle of Vimy Ridge.April 1917
First aid to an airman brought down on Vimy Ridge. April, 1917
A Canadian covered with mud returning from front.
A skull found on the battlefield of Vimy Ridge in April 1917
20th Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, taking ammunition to forward guns during the Battle of Vimy Ridge, April 1917.
A heavy artillery piece firing during the Battle of Vimy Ridge, April 1917.
Canadian soldiers in a captured German machine-gun emplacement, Battle of Vimy Ridge, April 1917.
Canadian troops head to the rear after the Battle of Vimy Ridge, April 1917.
Canadian troops washing in a shell hole, June 1917.
Canadian nurses, May 1917.
German prisoners making their way through the Hun Barrage. – Vimy Ridge. April, 1917
Looted watches. April 1917.
Bringing in German officers. – Vimy Ridge. April 1917
Canadians captured several German Trench Mortars. April, 1917. Photograph shows captured trench mortars from the Vimy operations, including a granatenwerfer grenade thrower, and a variety of Minenwerfers.
A big Naval gun firing on the Canadian front. April, 1917. This photograph shows a BL 6-inch Mk VII naval gun firing.
King George V conferring the honour of Knighthood on General Arthur William Currie, Commander of the Canadian Corps. Albert, France, 12 July 1917.
An Anti-aircraft gun advancing along a road under water during Battle of Vimy Ridge. April, 1917. This shows a motor lorry with a 13-pounder Anti-aircraft gun fording a sunken road near the Front.
Examining a skull found on battlefield of Vimy Ridge. April, 1917
Canadian infantry resting on the Arras battlefield between the villages of Blangy and Feuchy,south of Vimy Ridge. April 1917.
Shells breaking over the German trenches. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
General Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian Corps Commander unveiling the Memorial erected near Thelus by Canadian Artillery in memory of Artillerymen who fell during the taking of Vimy Ridge. February, 1918. Note the chain fencing with supports in the style of artillery shells.
Grange Crater on Vimy Ridge blown by Canadians. July, 1917. Grange crater was the site of tunneling operations and mining in the lead up to the Attack on Vimy Ridge. This photo depicts the site of these operations. An early memorial can be seen at the lip of the crater. Official photographer William Rider-Rider’s assistant, Cpl. Percy Reeves, can be seen in the crater.
Canadians consolidating their positions on Vimy Ridge. April 1917
Canadian troops in the 2ndwave of attack on Vimy Ridge wait in a trench for signal to advance.
Shrapnel from German shell bursts over reserve trench sheltering 2nd wave troops-Vimy Ridge,1917
Naval gun firing over Vimy Ridge behind Canadian lines at night. May, 1917
A mine exploding on Vimy Ridge. May, 1917.
33rd Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, bringing up the guns. Vimy Ridge, April, 1917
As the Canadians advanced, parties of Germans left their dug-outs only to glad to surrender. – Vimy Ridge. April 1917
Canadian Byng Boys returning after beating the Germans at Vimy Ridge. May 1917
German Whiz-bang captured by Canadians at Thelus. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917
The Canadian Light Horse going into action. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917
First aid to an airman brought down on Vimy Ridge. April, 1917
German prisoners bringing in wounded Canadian soldiers. – Vimy Ridge. April, 1917
Canadian Field Artillery bringing up the guns. Vimy Ridge, April, 1917
Tending a wounded German on the battlefield. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
Canadians giving a lorry a helping hand on a shell battered road on Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
Stretcher cases waiting to be loaded on light Railway. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
German soldier beyond human aid. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
German prisoners and Canadian Red Cross men assist in the despatching of wounded on a light railway. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
Light Railroad truck with wounded on board.Note the German soldiers carrying wounded Canadian soldiers. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
Bringing Canadian wounded to the Field Dresseing Station. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
German shrapnel breaking. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
German shells bursting behind our dug-in troops. Vimy Ridge. April, 1917
The first train over the new railroad on Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
Canadian machine gunners dig themselves in, in shell holes on Vimy Ridge.April 1917
Looking over crest of Vimy Ridge on Vimy Village. May 1917
Canadians advancing through German wire entanglements – Vimy Ridge. April, 1917.
A machine gun emplacement on the crest of Vimy Ridge and the men who drove the Germans from it during the Battle of Vimy Ridge.9-14 April 1917
King George V traversing the Vimy Ridge, Centre figure, Gen. Currie, Commanding Cdns. Right, Gen. Horne.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge,
a painting by Richard Jack
Happy Canadians who captured Vimy Ridge returning to rest billets on motor lorries in 1917.
Canadian machine gunners dug in shell holes in Vimy advance, April, 1917
Stretcher Bearers Bringing in Wounded at the Battle of Vimy Ridge.

50 Amazing Photographs That Show Australian Life During the 1970s and 1980s

Reynolds Mark “Rennie” Ellis (1940-2003) was a social and social-documentary photographer who also worked as an advertising copywriter, seaman, lecturer and television presenter over the course of his life. However he is best remembered for his observations of Australian life. Indeed some of his photos have become icons of what we now call “Australiana”.

Ellis saw his photographic excursions as a series of encounters with people’s lives. His photos can be as straightforward and blatant as a head-butt or infused with enigmatic subtleties that draw on the nuance of gesture and the significance of ritual. The collection highlights some of the defining images of Australian life from the 1970s and 1980s.

Although invariably infused with his own personality and wit, the thousands of social documentary photographs taken by Ellis now form an important historical record.

The photographs explore the cultures and subcultures of the period, and provide a strong sense of a place that now seems a world away. A world free of risk, of affordable inner city housing, of social protest, of disco and pub rock.


40 Fabulous Photos Showing Artists Creating in Their Studios

A good studio for an artist is a very important place. Our creative studios might sometimes look like a pile of rubbish or a mixed-up room, but this is where great creations are born!

These photos are not glamorous and they show the artists in a very natural and raw state. This is the behind the scenes stuff. The photos give you an insight into how the artists work behind the scenes and what exactly goes into creating great artworks. It is not always pretty and organized. In fact, it seems to be usually quite the opposite!

Claude Monet
Laurie Lipton
Pablo Picasso
Salvador Dali
Jackson Pollock
Frida Kahlo
Joan Miro
Auguste Rodin
Gustave Clarence Rodolphe Boulanger
Paul Cezanne
Alexander Calder
Edvard Munch
Marc Chagall
Georgia O’Keeffe
Andy Warhol
Piet Mondriaan
Alphonse Mucha
Paul Klee
Constantin Brancusi
Jean Arp
Camille Claudel
Henry Moore
John Singer Sargent
Gustav Klimt
Victor Vasarely
David Hockney
Howard Chandler Christy
Edvard Munch
Yves Klein
Willem de Kooning
Vilmos Aba-Novák
Tamara De Lempicka
Aristide Mailol
Maurice Utrillo and Suzanne Valandon
Alfred Roll
Diego Rivera
Hr Giger
Beatrice Wood
Helen Frankenthaler
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

36 Wonderful Photos That Show How Victorian and Edwardian Women Enjoyed Their Lives

By the late 19th and early 20th centuries, all kinds of people lived in the cities. Laborers and servants were the most numerous. Although some became better-off, many were still poor. They lived in cramped, decaying houses.

Whether rich or poor, it’s easy to see that people in these periods always enjoyed their lives and seemed to be happier than today.

These found pictures show how Victorian and Edwardian women enjoyed their lives.

Pretty girl laying on the beach
Riding on a horse
Group of women sitting together on a building roof
Sleeping in the grass
Smiling women sitting in a field
Three wet women standing in the water
Women floating on their backs
A smiling couple posing outdoors
Two women laughing outside
Two women lying on a pier
Two girls show off their friend’s dress
Two women stand along the shore
Woman drinking a soda on the beach
Woman holding a stick on a beach
Woman stands on a large piece of driftwood on the beach
Cooking on a camp stove
Fishing an article of clothing out of a creek
Group of young women gossiping on a small boat on the sand
Women in fancy hats sitting on the beach
Young woman rests in a large hammock
Young woman rides a bicycle down a garden path
Doing a leap frog pose
Three young women standing on a bridge
Family doing laundry outdside
Sitting in the grass with their dogs
Five women attacking a man laying on the floor
Girl holding a box camera
Young woman sitting in a window
Girls posing around a fence
Women hiding in the grass
Group of women jumping while holding their skirts
Women leaning on a fence
Happy women resting on the beach
woman laughing while sitting on a stump
Little girl reading a book in a burned-out forest
Playing cards in front of a mirror

50 Stunning Photos of Actress Catherine Deneuve From Between the 1960s and 1980s

Catherine Fabienne Dorléac (born 22 October 1943), known professionally as Catherine Deneuve, is a French actress as well as an occasional singer, model, and producer, considered one of the greatest European actresses.[2] She gained recognition for her portrayal of icy, aloof, and mysterious beauties for various directors, including Luis Buñuel, François Truffaut, and Roman Polanski. In 1985, she succeeded Mireille Mathieu as the official face of Marianne, France’s national symbol of liberty. A 14-time César Award nominee, she won for her performances in Truffaut’s The Last Metro (1980), for which she also won the David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actress, and Régis Wargnier’s Indochine (1992).

Deneuve made her film debut in 1957 at the age of 13, in a film shot the year earlier when she was only 12. She first came to prominence in Jacques Demy’s 1964 musical The Umbrellas of Cherbourg. She went on to star for Polanski in Repulsion (1965), and for Buñuel in Belle de Jour (1967) and Tristana (1970). She was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Actress for Belle de Jour, and the Academy Award for Best Actress for Indochine. She also won the 1998 Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival for Place Vendôme. Her English-language films include The April Fools (1969), Hustle (1975), The Hunger (1983), Dancer in the Dark (2000), and The Musketeer (2001). Other notable films include Mississippi Mermaid (1969), Scene of the Crime (1986), My Favourite Season (1993), 8 Women (2002), Persepolis (2007), Potiche (2010), The Brand New Testament (2015), and Bonne Pomme (2017).

Deneuve speaks fluent French, Italian and English and has some knowledge of Spanish, though she does not speak the language fluently. Her hobbies and passions include gardening, drawing, photography, reading, music, cinema, fashion, antiques and decoration. According to a 1996 article published by The New York Times, Deneuve is a practising Roman Catholic.

Deneuve has been married only once: to photographer David Bailey from 1965 to 1972, though they separated in 1967. She has lived with director Roger Vadim, actor Marcello Mastroianni, cinematographer Hugh Johnson, and Canal+ tycoon Pierre Lescure.

Deneuve has two children: actor Christian Vadim (born 18 June 1963), from her relationship with Roger Vadim, and actress Chiara Mastroianni (born 28 May 1972), from her relationship with Marcello Mastroianni. She has five grandchildren.

Deneuve has not had a public relationship since her breakup with Lescure in 1991. They remain friends, and Deneuve’s children consider him their stepfather. According to Gala, in late 2019 Deneuve relied on Lescure while she recuperated from a stroke.

Throughout her 20s and 30s, Deneuve reportedly dated actors Sami Frey, Clint Eastwood, Franco Nero, Burt Reynolds, and John Travolta as well as directors Roman Polanski, Jerry Schatzberg and François Truffaut, talent agent Bertrand de Labbey, singer Serge Gainsbourg and TV host Carlos Lozano. While most of her confirmed liaisons have been with much older men, Lozano was 19 years her junior, and in his late teens when he and Deneuve were involved in the early 1980s. Travolta was also 11 years her junior.

In recent decades, Deneuve’s lack of a boyfriend of record – in combination with the fact that she’s kissed women in five films – has prompted speculation about her sexual orientation, which she acknowledged in a 2002 interview with Knack magazine: “Now that people know nothing about my private life, they start guessing: is there still a man in her life and who is he then? When they see me two or three times with a female friend they say: we’ve always known that. Well, they can enjoy it to their heart’s content.” Reports from 2000 claimed her beau was a 25-year-old technician she’d met on a recent film, but no writers could identify him. In 2006, Deneuve told The Daily Telegraph that she was in a relationship, but would not disclose the name of her partner.

Deneuve is close friends with the artist Nall and owns some of his works.

On 6 November 2019, BBC News reported that Deneuve suffered a mild stroke and was recuperating in a Paris hospital. Despite the health scare, there was no damage to her motor functions. Five weeks later, she was released from the hospital and spent the remainder of 2019 recuperating at her Paris home.

A 2020 biography of Johnny Hallyday by Gilles Lhote claims that the singer maintained a carefully hidden, 56-year affair with Deneuve that started when they were teenagers in 1961 and continued until Hallyday’s death in 2017.

Deneuve began smoking in 1960 at age 16, and was known to smoke up to three packs a day. She quit in 1985 with the aid of hypnotherapy, but started again in 1996. In 2020, French actress and recent co-star Juliette Binoche told Vanity Fair that Deneuve has stopped smoking since her stroke. (Wikipedia)

French movie star Catherine Deneuve is about to hand her baby daughter (Chiara Mastroianni) to a boatman as her steady companion, Italian movie star Marcello Mastroianni looks. Doges Palace is in background. They are in Venice for a short vacation May 8. 1974. (AP Photo)

14 Amazing Images Showing the American Wild West

The American frontier, also known as the Old West or the Wild West, includes the geography, history, folklore, and culture in the forward wave of American expansion in mainland North America that began with European colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last few western territories as states in 1912 (except Alaska, which was not admitted into the Union until 1959). This era of massive migration and settlement was particularly encouraged by President Thomas Jefferson following the Louisiana Purchase, giving rise to the expansionist attitude known as “Manifest Destiny” and the historians’ “Frontier Thesis”. The legends, historical events and folklore of the American frontier have embedded themselves into United States culture so much so that the Old West, and the Western genre of media specifically, has become one of the defining periods of American national identity.

The archetypical Old West period is generally accepted by historians to have occurred between the end of the American Civil War in 1865 until the closing of the Frontier by the Census Bureau in 1890.

By 1890, settlement in the American West had reached sufficient population density that the frontier line had disappeared; in 1890 the Census Bureau released a bulletin declaring the closing of the frontier, stating: “Up to and including 1880 the country had a frontier of settlement, but at present the unsettled area has been so broken into by isolated bodies of settlement that there can hardly be said to be a frontier line. In the discussion of its extent, its westward movement, etc., it can not, therefore, any longer have a place in the census reports.”

A frontier is a zone of contact at the edge of a line of settlement. Leading theorist Frederick Jackson Turner went deeper, arguing that the frontier was the scene of a defining process of American civilization: “The frontier,” he asserted, “promoted the formation of a composite nationality for the American people.” He theorized it was a process of development: “This perennial rebirth, this fluidity of American life, this expansion westward…furnish[es] the forces dominating American character.” Turner’s ideas since 1893 have inspired generations of historians (and critics) to explore multiple individual American frontiers, but the popular folk frontier concentrates on the conquest and settlement of Native American lands west of the Mississippi River, in what is now the Midwest, Texas, the Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the Southwest, and the West Coast.

Enormous popular attention was focused on the Western United States (especially the Southwest) in the second half of the 19th century and the early 20th century, from the 1850s to the 1910s. Such media typically exaggerated the romance, anarchy, and chaotic violence of the period for greater dramatic effect. This inspired the Western genre of film, along with television shows, novels, comic books, video games, children’s toys and costumes.

As defined by Hine and Faragher, “frontier history tells the story of the creation and defense of communities, the use of the land, the development of markets, and the formation of states.” They explain, “It is a tale of conquest, but also one of survival, persistence, and the merging of peoples and cultures that gave birth and continuing life to America.” Turner himself repeatedly emphasized how the availability of free land to start new farms attracted pioneering Americans: “The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development.” Through treaties with foreign nations and native tribes, political compromise, military conquest, the establishment of law and order, the building of farms, ranches, and towns, the marking of trails and digging of mines, and the pulling in of great migrations of foreigners, the United States expanded from coast to coast, fulfilling the ideology of Manifest destiny. In his “Frontier Thesis” (1893), Turner theorized that the frontier was a process that transformed Europeans into a new people, the Americans, whose values focused on equality, democracy, and optimism, as well as individualism, self-reliance, and even violence.

As the American frontier passed into history, the myths of the West in fiction and film took a firm hold in the imaginations of Americans and foreigners alike. In David Murdoch’s view, America is exceptional in choosing its iconic self-image: “No other nation has taken a time and place from its past and produced a construct of the imagination equal to America’s creation of the West.” (Wikipedia)

Custer’s Last Photograph
A vain man, George Armstrong Custer posed for more than 150 photographs in his lifetime, including this last photo, taken of him two months before the 1876 Battle of the Little Big Horn that would end his life.
Perhaps the most storied lawmen of the West were the Texas Rangers. Comanches, not outlaws, were the principle adversaries of the Rangers in the years immediately following the Civil War.
Buffalo hunting began as a business in 1870, peaked in 1872-73, and the millions of Buffalo were gone by the mid ’80s. The Buffalo hunters were most easily distinguished by their weapons—usually large caliber Sharps rifles.
Gunfighters were a unique Western frontier product and a breed of their own—neither outlaw nor lawman but often either or both during their lifetime. This photo of Billy Brooks depicts a typical gunfighter of the 1870s, and he fit the mold: he was a lawman in Newton and Ellsworth, Kansas, a gunfighter in Dodge City—before any of those towns became “cowtowns”—and he died at the end of a rope in 1874 as a horse thief. This photo was probably taken circa 1872.
MILITARY LEADERS: General George Crook
George Crook was the army’s pre-eminent Indian fighter during the Indian Wars, serving all across the West from California to Montana to Arizona. He was effective but not spectacular or flamboyant. Here Crook is pictured in Arizona in 1886 with two Apache scouts, Dutchy and Alchesay, and his favorite mule, Apache. Would Custer have dressed the way Crook is dressed? Or have ridden a mule?
LAWMEN: Joe LeFors
There were many lawmen in the West who gained fame in their days, including Pat Garrett, Bat Masterson and Heck Thomas. Joe LeFors was made famous as the persistent lawman in the white hat in the movie Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, referenced by the oft-repeated line: “Who is that guy?” “That guy” was LeFors. Although he did pursue the Wild Bunch, his most famous exploit was tricking Tom Horn into a confession, which led Horn to being hanged. LeFors lived to old age and wrote a manuscript about his life.
The earliest of the Western frontiersmen were the explorers and the mountain men or trappers. Since this period was generally from 1800 to 1840, the camera was not around to capture these individuals until old age. Kit Carson was a mountain man, scout and military leader. He caught the American imagination early, primarily because of his association with explorer John Fremont. Carson lived until 1868 and this photo, taken shortly before he died, reveals the character of this modest and deservedly admired man.
OUTLAWS: Ned Christie in Death
Ned Christie was not your typical bank- and train-robbing outlaw. He was a Cherokee whose crime was “running whiskey” and possibly horse theft. His notoriety came from the fight he waged against the lawmen trying to arrest him. As can be seen from this photo, he eventually lost, being gunned down in his fortified home on a mountaintop near Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, in 1892. By the 1890s, photos such as these were often taken of dead outlaws, almost as if they were “trophies.”
WOMEN: Rose Dunn
Rose Dunn was guilty only of liking the company of outlaws. She was real (some have doubted she existed), and she became known as Rose of Cimarron when she was but 15 years old. There is controversy regarding the role she played in the big battle between lawmen and outlaws in Ingalls, Oklahoma Territory, in 1895. This photo is also questioned, some saying it was made by Bill Tilghman, sheriff of Oklahoma’s Lincoln County, for his 1915 movie, Passing of the Oklahoma Outlaws. But that cannot be. The photo is definitely from the 1890s.
WILD WEST SHOWMEN: Texas Jack Omohundro
Much of the interest in the Old West was originally generated by the frontier characters who became showmen and carried the romance of the West all through this country and over to Europe. Texas Jack Omohundro was a genuine frontier scout before he joined Buffalo Bill Cody on the stage. It is said they were lousy actors, but they sure looked good! This photo shows us what the audiences saw onstage. You can see why they loved them, even if they could not act.
Some photos of the Old West are just interesting and curious. In this circa 1870 tintype, the unidentified Cherokee, one of the so-called Five Civilized Tribes relocated to Indian Territory, is wearing “civilized” (white man’s) clothing, which his people had adopted by that time. He proudly brandishes a gold tinted knife. One wonders the significance.
The cowboy is one of the favorite characters of the Old West, but few individual cowboys became famous. They were proud of what they did and often posed for studio photos, decked out in their favorite outfit. This unidentified cowboy is typical of his kind and obviously genuine, wearing boots, chaps, a great gun belt and holster, bandanna and fantastic hat, while proudly displaying his Colt Single Action. The photo probably dates from the 1880s.
GAMBLERS: W.H. “Billy”?Simms of San Antonio
Gamblers considered themselves the elite of frontier society. They were a troublemaking group that included many notorious gunfighters. This autographed photo of Billy Simms, a typical gambler dandy, was presented to vaudeville performer Eddie Fox at the Jack Harris Saloon and Vaudeville Theater in San Antonio. Gunfighter Ben Thompson also gave Fox an autographed photo in 1879. Thompson killed Jack Harris in 1882 and was in turn killed in 1884 in the same theater by Simms. Yes, gamblers were a rowdy bunch.
SCOUTS: Yellowstone Kelly
Scouts were the first frontiersmen to be popularized in story and onstage. They were some of the most flamboyant of all the Old West characters. The most famous was Buffalo Bill Cody, whose first stage show was Scouts of the Prairie in 1872. Luther Kelly was a typical scout, and like most, he had a colorful nickname: “Yellowstone” Kelly. Among his many experiences in the West was his role as chief of scouts for Gen. Nelson A. Miles. This photo, taken early in his long career, shows him to be as “stage-worthy” as Buffalo Bill and Texas Jack Omohundro.


25 Amazing Photos Showing Life in Watts a Year After the 1965 Riots

The Watts riots, sometimes referred to as the Watts Rebellion or Watts Uprising, took place in the Watts neighborhood and its surrounding areas of Los Angeles from August 11 to 16, 1965.

On August 11, 1965, Marquette Frye, a 21-year-old African American man, was pulled over for drunken driving. After he failed a field sobriety test, officers attempted to arrest him. Marquette resisted arrest, with assistance from his mother, Rena Frye, and a physical confrontation ensued in which Marquette was struck in the face with a baton. Meanwhile, a crowd of onlookers had gathered. Rumors spread that the police had kicked a pregnant woman who was present at the scene. Six days of civil unrest followed, motivated in part by allegations of police abuse. Nearly 14,000 members of the California Army National Guard helped suppress the disturbance, which resulted in 34 deaths and over $40 million in property damage. It was the city’s worst unrest until the Rodney King riots of 1992.

A year after the flames were put out and the smoke cleared from the southern California sky, LIFE revisited the scene of the devastation for a “special section” in its July 15, 1966, issue that the magazine called “Watts: Still Seething.” A good part of that special section featured a series of color photos made by Bill Ray on the streets of Watts:

Not published in LIFE. Watts, Los Angeles, 1965.
Not published in LIFE. Young men hang out near Simon Rodia’s Watts Towers, 1965.
Not published in LIFE. Watts, Los Angeles, 1965
Not published in LIFE. Watts, Los Angeles, 1965
Not published in LIFE. Watts, Los Angeles, 1965.
Not published in LIFE. Making Molotov cocktails, Watts, 1965.
Not published in LIFE. Molotov cocktails in Watts, 1965.

(Photos by Bill Ray—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images)


56 Amazing Photos From the 1920s

Even the mugshots were cool, 1925.
Miss Universe Ella Van Hueson, circa June 16, 1928.
Silent film star Evelyn Brent, 1924.
Harry Houdini demonstrates photo manipulation by taking a “spirit photograph” with Abraham Lincoln, 1920
Three young men in a vehicle, 1924
Aviator Bessie Coleman and her plane in 1922
Sharpshooter Annie Oakley with a gun that Buffalo Bill gave her, 1922.
London Bus, 1928
Conjoined twins Daisy and Violet Hilton, 1920s
The Hollywood sign originally said “Hollywoodland” when it was installed in 1923.
Women in Chicago being arrested for wearing one piece bathing suits and showing a little leg. 1922.
Traffic officer, Washington, D.C., 1923
Actor Rudolph Valentino, 1920s
Miss America Contest, 1921
Texaco Service 1924
Monaco 1929
Here, cycling up the Champs Elysees are the nearly 160 competitors of the Tour de France in June, 1926.
An ice-cream vendor selling sodas and sweets to children on the city streets of Paris, 1925.
Hiram Wesley Evans, who was Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan, walking in the mass Klan march in Washington, D.C., in 1926
New York City prohibition agents dumping liquor into the gutter, 1920s.
Model Hannah Lee Sherman dressed in a Chanel coat, brimless hat, fox stole, suede bag, and snakeskin shoes is helped out of a car on Park Avenue in NYC.
Customs men examining liquor seized from a rum-runner ship from Havana that docked at a port on the harbor of New York.
Chicago policewomen checking for violations of the bathing suit-length laws, 1921.
Howard University Flappers, 1920.
Al Capone in a Bathing Suit at His Palm Island Florida Estate, 1929.
A smoggy Ludgate Circus, London, 1922.
Corner of Michigan and Griswold. Detroit, Michigan, 1920.
2nd May 1925: 58 light cars starting the 100 miles high speed reliability trials at Brooklands, Weybridge, Surrey, England.
Directing traffic the Minneapolis way, 1923
Miller’s restaurant, 126 Washington Avenue south, Minneapolis, January 16, 1920
A mourner grieves at the bier of Rudolph Valentino during the actor’s funeral, August 1926.
Berlin, 1928
Cafe du Dome, Paris 1928.
British soldiers wear gasmasks during manoeuvres. 1928
Women working in a factory, 1920s
A Goodyear Six-wheeled Bus from 1921
Leningrad, Russia, 1920s
Amelia Earhart, Los Angeles, 1928.
T.E. Lawrence, ‘Lawrence of Arabia’, on his Brough Superior motorcycle. 1927
The two Royal Princes, Prince Albert, foreground, and Prince Henry, at Cambridge University use motorcyles to go to lectures. 1920
Signor Davide Cislaghi with his one wheel motorcycle called the “Monowheel”, 1923.
Paris, 1920s
Young beauty in swimsuit, 1920s
Rae Samuels holds the last bottle of beer that was distilled before prohibition went into effect in Chicago, Ill., Dec. 29, 1920.
Two bathers being escorted off the beach by a police woman. Chicago, Ill., 1922
Babe Ruth batting in 1926.
Charles Lindbergh with the Spirit of St. Louis before his Paris flight, 1927
“Tiller girls.” Arriving from England, 16 chorus girls in the troupe originated by British musical-theater impresario and precision-dancing pioneer John Tiller. New York, 1926.
Emily Lucas of Tonbridge, England, with her 23rd child, 1926.
Miss Mercedes Gleitze starts from Folkestone to attempt to swim the channel. This was her seventh try. Mercedes Gleitze became, at her eighth attempt, the first British woman to swim the channel. 1926
American writer F. Scott Fitzgerald poses with his wife Zelda and their daughter Scottie aboard a ship as they return to America from a two-year European trip in Dec. 1926.
Charlie Chaplin, his son, his mother-in-law and his wife. 1926
Louis Wagner, winner of the first English Grand Prix, 1926
Norma Smallwood, of Tulsa, Okla., poses in her bathing suit with trophies after becoming Miss America 1926 in Atlantic City, N.J., on Sept. 11, 1926.
President Calvin Coolidge, with wife Grace and Secretary of Treasury Andrew Mellon, opens the Baseball season by throwing out the first ball, Apr. 22, 1924.
Piggly Wiggly trucks in Washington, D.C., at the Christo Cola Bottling Co., 1924

49 Amazing Vintage Photos Showing Life in the United States During the Early 1940s

Born 1914 as Jacob Ovcharov in Voroshilovka, Podolie Governorate, Russian Empire (now Vorošýlivka, Ukraine) and moved, with his parents and younger brother, to the United States in 1923, American photographer Jack Delano worked for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) and was also a composer noted for his use of Puerto Rican folk material.

After graduating from the Academy, Delano started working as a freelance photographer in Philadelphia and New York. He also developed an interest in films, and together with his future wife Irene Esser started making short documentaries.

Impressed by the work of famous photographers like Dorothea Lange and Walker Evans, Delano applied for a job with the historical section of the FSA (Farm Security Administration) in 1940. For the next years he traveled throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands. All through this time Delano’s primary assignment was to document the social and working conditions of people in FSA projects. All of this was happening during the Second World War, and Delano was drafted in 1943.

Delano traveled throughout the South Pacific and South America before being discharged in 1946.

These amazing photographs Delano took for the Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information that documented everyday life of the US during WWII.

Connecticut. 75¢ Thanksgiving. On a main street in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. A Glimpse of Thanksgiving. At the Crouch family Thanksgiving Day dinner, Ledyard, November 1940
Connecticut. A Woman window shopping on a rainy day in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. All Downhill. Children sledding in Jewett City, November 1940
Connecticut. Five & Dime. Main street intersection in Norwich on a rainy day, November 1940
Connecticut. House Rooms. Norwich on a rainy day, November 1940
Connecticut. Main street intersection in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. Mercury on Main. A rainy day view of a main street intersection in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. Passengers Anonymous. People in a bus on rainy day in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. Playing in Traffic. Two Children playing in snow in Norwich, November-December 1940
Connecticut. Rainy Day Chaperone. Coming home from school on a rainy day in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. Rainy Day Confidential. Waiting for a bus in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. Scene in Colchester, November-December 1940
Connecticut. Shelter for Two. Main street intersection in Norwich on a rainy day, November 1940
Connecticut. Snowdust. Street in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. Traffic Cop. Norwich on a rainy day, November 1940
Connecticut. Wet Crossing. Norwich on a rainy day, November 1940
Connecticut. What Are Friends For. Norwich on a rainy day, November 1940
Connecticut. Young school girl waiting for a bus on a rainy day in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. Youth in Winter. Street in Norwich, November 1940
Connecticut. Yuletide Derby. The main street of Derby decorated for the Christmas season, December 1940
Illinois. Chicago Noir. Special agent making his rounds at night at the South Water Street freight terminal of the Illinois Central Railroad, Chicago, May 1943
Illinois. Crossroads of the World. Union Station concourse showing display the flags of the Allied Nations, Chicago,
January 1943
Illinois. Shedding Light. In the waiting room of the Union Station, Chicago, January 1943
Illinois. Steel Thunderbolts. A Steam and a diesel engine at the Union Station yards in Chicago, January 1943
Illinois. Union Arch. Exit of the underground tunnel through Union Station which is used by taxis and trucks, Chicago, January 1943
Iowa. It’s Been Good to Know Ya. Wolfsmith waves good-bye. Freight ops of the Chicago & Northwestern RR between Chicago and Clinton, January 1943
Maine. Saturday afternoon on main street in Caribou, October 1940
Maine. Two of the Dumond children at the back door of their home in Lille. The family are French-Canadian potato farmers and Farm Security Administration clients, October 1940
Massachusetts. Nocturne. A Foggy Night in New Bedford, 1940
Massachusetts. On Little Cat Feet. Foggy Night street scene in New Bedford, 1940
Massachusetts. Working Class Hearths. A Syrian neighborhood near the shipyards. Slum area where many shipyard workers live. Winter Street, Quincy, December 1940
New Mexico. Workin’ on the Railroad. Portrait of Abbie Caldwell, employed in the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad yard to clean out potash cars, Clovis, March 1943
North Carolina. Map Quest. Florida migrants studying a road map before leaving Elizabeth City for the state of Delaware, 1940
North Carolina. Night Owls’ Roost. A hamburger shop in Durham. George’s Grill, open all night, May 1940
North Carolina. The Long Shadows. Traffic on the main street of Fayetteville, North Carolina at about five o’clock, when the workers start coming out at Fort Bragg, March 1941
North Carolina. Workmen’s Lunch. Migratory agricultural workers having supper at the store in Belcross, 1940
Pennsylvania. Knocking Off. The end of the afternoon shift at the Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation in Aliquippa, January 1941
Pennsylvania. Sunday Best. Congregation of a Black church in the mill district of Pittsburgh, January 1941
Rhode Island. Torrential. On a rainy day in Providence, December 1940
Texas. Streamline Intersection. View of Main Street in Fort Worth, January 1942
Texas. View of the tarmac at Meacham Field, Fort Worth, January 1942
Vermont. A Conversation. On the main street of Bellows Falls, August 1941
Virginia. Roadside Style. Migratory agricultural worker waiting at the Little Creek end for the Norfolk-Cape Charles ferry, July 1940
Virginia. Sailor Man. On board the ‘Princess Anne’ super-deluxe luxury liner ferry plying between Little Creek, Virginia (Norfolk) and Cape Charles, 1940
Washington, D.C. At a truck service station on U.S. 1 (New York Avenue), 1940
Washington, D.C. Blue Plate Lunch. In the cafe at a truck drivers’ service station on U.S. 1 (New York Avenue), June 1940
Washington, D.C. Free sleeping quarters for truck drivers at a truck service station on U.S. 1 (New York Avenue), June 1940
Washington, D.C. Instant Messaging. Direct postal telegraph wire at a truck service station on U.S. 1 (New York Avenue), 1940

36 Vintage Photos of Philippe Petit’s Twin Towers Tightrope Walk in 1974

The original World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States. It opened on April 4, 1973, and was destroyed in 2001 during the September 11 attacks. At the time of their completion, the Twin Towers—the original 1 World Trade Center (the North Tower) at 1,368 feet (417 m); and 2 World Trade Center (the South Tower) at 1,362 feet (415.1 m)—were the tallest buildings in the world. Other buildings in the complex included the Marriott World Trade Center (3 WTC), 4 WTC, 5 WTC, 6 WTC, and 7 WTC. The complex contained 13,400,000 square feet (1,240,000 m2) of office space.

The core complex was built between 1966 and 1975, at a cost of $400 million (equivalent to $2.27 billion in 2021). The idea was suggested by David Rockefeller to help stimulate urban renewal in Lower Manhattan, and his brother Nelson signed the legislation to build it. The buildings at the complex were designed by Minoru Yamasaki. In 1998, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey decided to privatize it by leasing the buildings to a private company to manage. It awarded the lease to Silverstein Properties in July 2001. During its existence, the World Trade Center symbolized globalization and the economic power of America. Although its design was initially criticised by New York citizens and professional critics, the Twin Towers became an icon of New York City. It had a major role in popular culture, and according to one estimate was depicted in 472 films. The Twin Towers were also used in Philippe Petit’s frequent tightrope-walking performance on 7 August 1974. Following the September 11 attacks, mentions of the complex in various media were altered or deleted, and several dozen “memorial films” were created.

The World Trade Center experienced several major crime and terrorist incidents, including a fire on February 13, 1975; a bombing on February 26, 1993; a bank robbery on January 14, 1998, and finally a terrorist attack on September 11, 2001. The latter began after Al-Qaeda-affiliated hijackers flew two Boeing 767 jets into the Twin Towers within minutes of each other. Between 16,400 and 18,000 people were in the Twin Towers when they were struck. The fires from the impacts were intensified by the planes’ burning jet fuel, which along with the initial damage to the buildings’ structural columns, ultimately caused both towers to collapse. The attacks in New York City killed 2,606 people in and within the vicinity of the towers, as well as all 157 on board the two aircraft. Falling debris from the towers, combined with fires that the debris initiated in several surrounding buildings, led to the partial or complete collapse of all the WTC complex’s buildings including 7 World Trade Center, and caused catastrophic damage to 10 other large structures in the surrounding area.

The cleanup and recovery process at the World Trade Center site took eight months, during which the remains of the other buildings were demolished. On May 30, 2002, the last piece of WTC steel was ceremonially removed. A new World Trade Center complex is being built with six new skyscrapers and several other buildings, many of which are complete. A memorial and museum to those killed in the attacks, a new rapid transit hub, and an elevated park have been opened. The memorial features two square reflecting pools in the center marking where the Twin Towers stood. One World Trade Center, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere at 1,776 feet (541 m) and the lead building for the new complex, was completed in May 2013 and opened in November 2014. (Wikipedia)


30 Vintage Photos Showing Times Square in New York City

Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center, and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan section of New York City, at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue. Brightly lit by numerous billboards and advertisements, it stretches from West 42nd to West 47th Streets, and is sometimes referred to as “the Crossroads of the World”, “the Center of the Universe”, “the heart of the Great White Way”, and “the heart of the world”. One of the world’s busiest pedestrian areas, it is also the hub of the Broadway Theater District and a major center of the world’s entertainment industry. Times Square is one of the world’s most visited tourist attractions, drawing an estimated 50 million visitors annually. Approximately 330,000 people pass through Times Square daily, many of them tourists, while over 460,000 pedestrians walk through Times Square on its busiest days.

Formerly known as Longacre Square, Times Square was renamed in 1904 after The New York Times moved its headquarters to the then newly erected Times Building, now One Times Square. It is the site of the annual New Year’s Eve ball drop, which began on December 31, 1907, and continues to attract over a million visitors to Times Square every year.

Times Square functions as a town square, but is not geometrically a square; it is closer in shape to a bowtie, with two triangles emanating roughly north and south from 45th Street, where Seventh Avenue intersects Broadway. Broadway runs diagonally, crossing through the horizontal and vertical street grid of Manhattan laid down by the Commissioners’ Plan of 1811, and that intersection creates the “bowtie” shape of Times Square.

The southern triangle of Times Square has no specific name, but the northern triangle is officially Duffy Square. It was dedicated in 1937 to World War I chaplain Father Francis P. Duffy of New York City’s U.S. 69th Infantry Regiment and is the site of a memorial to him. There is also a statue of composer and entertainer George M. Cohan, and the TKTS ticket booth for Broadway theaters. (Wikipedia)

Longacre Square, not long before it became “Times Square.” Circa 1900.
Looking northwest down 42nd Street from Broadway, where the iconic One Times Square now stands. 1898.
The view from the north in Longacre Square over an excavation for subway construction. The camera is located in what would eventually become the New York Times building. December 4, 1901.
The construction of the Times Tower. 1903.
Both spectators and cars line up to watch a car race in Times Square. 1908.
People hold up papers in Times Square announcing Germany’s surrender in World War I. November 7, 1918.
Thousands gather in the streets of Times Square to get results on the World Series from a remote scoreboard. October 1919.
A crowd has swelled in Times Square, awaiting the results of a boxing match between Jack Dempsey and Georges Carpentier in July 1921.
Streetcars, automobiles, and pedestrians all make up the busy traffic of 1920s Times Square. October 15, 1923.
A bread line of men stretches through Times Square during the Great Depression. 1932.
The still wrapped Father Duffy statue in Times Square. The statue of the soldier, priest, and military chaplain was soon to be dedicated on May 2, 1937.
A newspaper man with a stack of papers in is hand stands on the corner of West 42nd Street and Broadway.
The paper’s headline reads “War Declared On Germany.” September 3, 1939.
People crowd into the streets of Times Square to read a bulletin announcing Italy’s entry into World War II. June 10, 1940.
Soliders and sailors sit by Father Duffy’s statue in Times Square as some boys shine their shoes. June 1943.
Crowds gather in Times Square awaiting news of the D-Day invasion. June 6, 1944.
A woman dressed in only heels and a barrel that reads “I Did My Bit, Did You?” stands in Times Square.
The promotion, organized by the United National Clothing Collection was part of drive to collect clothing and bedding for overseas war relief. April 1945.
Sailors and soldiers celebrate Japan’s surrender, marking the end of WWII. August 14, 1945.
A sailor kisses a nurse in Times Square amid celebrations marking the end of World War II. August 14, 1945.
Crowds of people wave in Times Square upon the announcement of Japan’s surrender in 1945.
A horse-pulled carriage advertising jazz on the river makes its way through Times Square. July 1947.
A large billboard advertising Camel cigarettes. 1948.
Crowds pack into Times Square to ring in the new year in 1954.
Actress Marilyn Monroe steps out of a limo in Times Square for the premier of her film Some Like It Hot. March 1, 1959.
a man walks past a drunkard lying on the sidewalk. February 1, 1954.
A young boy shines a man’s shoes as passerby stroll past several Times Square theaters. 1968.
Cars and people pass by in Times Square. Circa 1960s.
1966 marked a small yet, big change for the area with the introduction of 25 cent peep shows.
A group of prostitutes walk by a man in Times Square during the summer of 1971.
As the area took on a seedier personality, many of the old businesses fled, with the area’s movie palaces falling into decay. Circa 1970s.

17 Wonderful Photos of Teddy Girls in London From the 1950s

A mainly British phenomenon, the Teddy Boy subculture started among teenagers in London in the early 1950s, and rapidly spread across the UK, becoming strongly associated with American rock and roll music. After World War II, male youths in delinquent gangs who had adopted Edwardian-era fashion were sometimes known as “Cosh Boys”, or “Edwardians”. But the name Teddy Boy was coined when a 23 September 1953 Daily Express newspaper report headline shortened Edwardian to Teddy. Nevertheless, the term had previously been used in Edwardian England to refer to members of the Territorial Army (see for example The Swoop! written by P. G. Wodehouse in 1909).. This was a reference to the king, Edward VII, in whose service they were.

In post-war Britain, rationing continued to affect the fashion industry, and men’s tailors in central London devised a style based on Edwardian clothing hoping to sell to young officers being demobbed from the services. However, the style—featuring tapered trousers, long jackets similar to post-war American zoot suits, and fancy waistcoats—was not popular with its target market, leaving tailors with piles of unsold clothing which, to recoup losses, were sold cheaply to menswear shops elsewhere in London. While there had been some affluent adoption—”an extravagant upper-class snub to the post-war Labour Government and its message of austerity”—it was predominantly suburban working-class youth who adopted and adapted the look (“spiv” and cosh boy associations also hastened its middle-class rejection) and, around 1952, what became the “Teddy Boy” style began to emerge, gradually spreading across Britain. The 1953 film Cosh Boy (US: The Slasher), written by Lewis Gilbert and Vernon Harris, makes an early reference to the style when the character, Roy (James Kenny), speaks the words “[it’s a] drape…the latest cut”.

Although there had been youth groups with their own dress codes called scuttlers in 19th-century Liverpool and Manchester, Teddy Boys were the first youth group in Britain to differentiate themselves as teenagers, helping create a youth market. The 1955 US film Blackboard Jungle marked a watershed in the United Kingdom. When shown in an Elephant and Castle cinema, south London in 1956, the teenage Teddy boy audience began to riot, tearing up seats and dancing in the cinema’s aisles. After that, other riots took place around the country where the film was shown.

Some Teds formed gangs and gained notoriety following violent clashes with rival youth gangs as well as unprovoked attacks on immigrants. The most notable clashes were the 1958 Notting Hill race riots, in which Teddy Boys were present in large numbers and were implicated in attacks on the West Indian community. According to reports released decades after the riots, “Teddy boys armed with iron bars, butcher’s knives and weighted leather belts” participated in mobs “300- to 400-strong” that targeted Black residents, in one night alone leaving “five black men lying unconscious on the pavements of Notting Hill.” Teds were also implicated in the clashes of the 1958 St Ann’s riots in Nottingham.

The violent lifestyle was sensationalised in the pulp novel Teddy Boy by Ernest Ryman, first published in the UK in 1958.

Teddy Girls

Teddy Girls (also called Judies)[16] wore drape jackets, pencil skirts, hobble skirts, long plaits, rolled-up jeans, flat shoes, tailored jackets with velvet collars, straw boater hats, cameo brooches, espadrilles, coolie hats and long, elegant clutch bags. Later, they adopted the American fashions of toreador trousers, voluminous circle skirts, and hair in ponytails.

The Teddy Girls’ choices of clothes were not intended strictly for aesthetic effect; these girls were collectively rejecting post-war austerity. They were young working-class women from the poorer districts of London. They would typically leave school at the age of 14 or 15 and work in factories or offices. Teddy Girls spent much of their free time buying or making their trademark clothes. Their style originated from a head-turning, fastidious style from the fashion houses, which had launched haute-couture clothing lines recalling the Edwardian era.

The style was documented by Ken Russell in a June 1955 series of Picture Post photographs titled “Teddy Girls”. Russell noted that the female counterpart of the Teddy Boy subculture was overlooked, saying “No one paid much attention to the teddy girls before I did them, though there was plenty on teddy boys.” (Wikipedia)


54 Stunning Photos of Britt Ekland During The 1960s

Britt Ekland was born in Sweden and grew up to be the poster girl for beautiful, big-eyed Scandinavian blondes. She attended a drama school and then joined a traveling theater group. With her looks as her passport, Britt entered films and became a star in Italy. When Peter Sellers met her in a hotel, he fell hard for her and they soon married. The combination of Sellers’ stardom and her stunning beauty contributed to her fame (the fact that Sellers suffered a heart attack in bed on their wedding night did not hurt, either). She appeared in two films with her husband: After the Fox (1966), written by Neil Simon, and the forgettable The Bobo (1967). Her claim to fame would come as the young girl who invented the striptease in The Night They Raided Minsky’s (1968). After that, she appeared in a string of movies that were built around her looks and not much else. She did appear in some first-rate productions over the years, though, two of them being Get Carter (1971) and the cult classic The Wicker Man (1973). The high point in her career would be her role as Bond girl Mary Goodnight in The Man with the Golden Gun (1974). After her much publicized breakup with rocker Rod Stewart in 1977, Britt continued to make movies–both features and made-for-TV films–and tried the stage. By that time, the quality of her film projects had decreased markedly, and she was reduced to appearing in things like Fraternity Vacation (1985) and Beverly Hills Vamp (1989).
Text by Tony Fontana via IMDB.com.