40 Amazing Photos of Street Scenes of Sweden during the 1900s

Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north, Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union, and the fifth largest country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Stockholm. Sweden has a total population of 10.4 million, the largest of the Nordic countries; and a low population density of 25.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (66/sq mi). 87% of Swedes live in urban areas, which cover 1.5% of the entire land area. The highest concentration is in the central and southern half of the country.

Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia. The climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence. In spite of the high latitude, Sweden often has warm continental summers, being located in between the North Atlantic, the Baltic Sea, and vast Russia. The general climate and environment vary significantly from the south and north due to the vast latitudinal difference, and much of Sweden has reliably cold and snowy winters. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested and includes a portion of the Scandinavian Mountains.

Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats (Swedish: Götar) and Swedes (Svear) and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the dominance of the Hanseatic League in Northern Europe threatened Scandinavia economically and politically. This led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years’ War on the Protestant side, an expansion of its territories began and eventually the Swedish Empire was formed. This became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814 when Norway was militarily forced into a personal union, which peacefully dissolved in 1905. Since then, Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs. In 2014, Sweden celebrated 200 years of peace, breaking even Switzerland’s record for peace. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, although Sweden has since 2009 openly moved towards cooperation with NATO.

Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy, with legislative power vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. It is a unitary state, currently divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens. It has the world’s eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks very highly in quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, income equality, gender equality, prosperity and human development. Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but has rejected NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum. It is also a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (Wikipedia)

Åmål. The western part of Åmål, after the fire on the 9th of May, 1901. People and ruins
Åmål. The western part of Åmål, after the fire on the 9th of May, 1901
Åmål. View over Åmål, from Kungsberget (King’s Mountain), before the fire in May 1901. Åmål church to the right
Arboga. Market at the Main Square. To the left is the Lundborg building, in the middle is the Stenberg house
Arboga. Two children on a road by the Arboga Stream.
Borås. Nybro (Newbridge) square. In the middle the tower of Caroli church
Enköping. Anchored boats in Enköping harbour with storehouses
Filipstad. The Church by Lake Daglösen
Gävle. Street demonstration on Fiskartorget (Fishermen’s square)
Gävle. View of Gävle at Gävleån river. Horse and carriage on the bridge
Gothenburg. Gustaf Adolf square with the City Hall in the middle of the picture and the tower of Christine church to the left
Gothenburg. People in Postgatan street in Kronhuset area
Jönköping. House of Lundströms’ ‘after the fire’, towards Stjärngränd lane
Karlshamn. The Skottsberg House with man and boy at the doorsteps and facade towards Drottninggatan street
Linköping. Children in Ågatan street.
Linköping. The crossing between St. Lars street and Storgatan (High Street), probably taken from the tower of St. Lars Church
Ludvika. The old railway station ‘Bergslags-Ludvika’ to the right and the railway hotel to the left
Lund. ‘The AF-fortress’ – the building of the Academic Society, built about 1850 at the Lundagård park
Malmö. Fire station at Drottninggatan (Queen street), with jumping sheet, fire men and horses
Malmö. Jörgen Kock’s house
Malmö. Private Bank of Skåne, on the corner of Östergatan and Bruksgatan streets
Malmö. Södra Förstadsgatan street, viewed from the Southern Customs
Malmö. State secondary grammar school for boys (today Malmö Latin School) in Amiralsgatan street
Malmö. The Main Square towards Södergatan (South street)
Malmö. The second building to the right is the Elementary School for girls at Slottsgatan street. To the left is Kungsparken (King’s Park)
Norrköping. Harbour at Motala Stream
Nyköping. Östra Storgatan (East High Street) with the Central Bank of Sweden to the right
Östersund. The Main Square with market stalls in front of the Grand Hotel
Stockholm. Nybroviken bay in Stockholm city. View towards Galärvarvet at Djurgården.
Stockholm. Nybroviken bay with anchored ships. In the middle, the opening of Birger Jarlsgatan street
Stockholm. The Funck House at Kornhamnstorg square in the Old Town
Ulricehamn. The Town Hall from 1789 at the Main square
Uppsala. Gustavianum from the 1620s, the oldest building of Uppsala University (today Museum Gustavianum), and Uppsala Cathedral
Uppsala. The staircase in the medieval building Domtrapphuset, viewed from Fyris square
Västerås. Sleighs on a wintry street. Västerås Cathedral in the background
Växjö. A goods train at the railway station. In the background Växjö cathedral
Visby. A courtyard in the block called ‘Kaplanen’ (The Chaplain).
Visby. A woman in Lübska gränd lane by the Old Pharmacy. In the background is St. Lars medieval church ruin
Visby. House at Stora torget (the Main Square), now demolished
Visby. Women in the yard of the Hägg building in St Drottensgatan street

(Photos via Swedish National Heritage Board on Flickr)


One thought on “40 Amazing Photos of Street Scenes of Sweden during the 1900s

  1. Really, its amazing, the BEAUTY of old cannot be matched in todays time, it took me into time travel mode as I was scrolling the pictures. I feel that I missed my flight during that period of life. Truly j mean it!!!

    Liked by 1 person

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