52 Amazing Photos Showing Life in West Germany in 1949

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany, BRD) between its formation on 23 May 1949 and the German reunification through the accession of East Germany on 3 October 1990. During this Cold War period, the western portion of Germany and West Berlin were parts of the Western Bloc. West Germany was formed as a political entity during the Allied occupation of Germany after World War II, established from eleven states formed in the three Allied zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. Its provisional capital was the city of Bonn, and West Germany is retrospectively designated as the Bonn Republic.

At the onset of the Cold War, Europe was divided between the Western and Eastern blocs. Germany was de facto divided into two countries and two special territories, the Saarland and a divided Berlin. Initially, West Germany claimed an exclusive mandate for all of Germany, identifying as the sole democratically reorganised continuation of the 1871–1945 German Reich.

Three southwestern states of West Germany merged to form Baden-Württemberg in 1952, and the Saarland joined West Germany in 1957. In addition to the resulting ten states, West Berlin was considered an unofficial de facto eleventh state. While legally not part of West Germany, as Berlin was under the control of the Allied Control Council, West Berlin politically aligned with West Germany and was directly or indirectly represented in its federal institutions.

The foundation for the influential position held by Germany today was laid during the economic miracle of the 1950s (Wirtschaftswunder), when West Germany rose from the enormous destruction wrought by World War II to become the world’s third-largest economy. The first chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who remained in office until 1963, worked for a full alignment with NATO rather than neutrality, and secured membership in the military alliance. Adenauer was also a proponent of agreements that developed into the present-day European Union. When the G6 was established in 1975, there was no serious debate as to whether West Germany would become a member.

Following the collapse of the Eastern Bloc, symbolised by the opening of the Berlin Wall, both territories took action to achieve German reunification. East Germany voted to dissolve and accede to the Federal Republic of Germany in 1990. Its five post-war states (Länder) were reconstituted, along with the reunited Berlin, which ended its special status and formed an additional Land. They formally joined the federal republic on 3 October 1990, raising the total number of states from ten to sixteen, and ending the division of Germany. The reunited Germany is the direct continuation of the state previously informally called West Germany and not a new state, as the process was essentially a voluntary act of accession: the Federal Republic of Germany was enlarged to include the additional six states of the former German Democratic Republic. The expanded federal republic retained West Germany’s political culture and continued its existing memberships in international organisations, as well as its Western foreign policy alignment and affiliation to Western alliances such as the United Nations, NATO, OECD, and the European Economic Community. (Wikipedia)

These color photos from Slides that capture everyday life of West Germany in 1949.

Wiesbaden Market
1590 building in Idstein
Along the Neckar River
Autobahn-Karlsruhe to Frankfurt
Barge on Neckar River
Between Wildbad and Baden-Baden
Cemetery in Black Forest
City Hall in Stuttgart
Drosselgasse Street of wineshops, Rüdesheim am Rhein
Facade in Heidelberg Castle
Ferry on the River Neckar
Firehouse in Idstein
Frankfurter Hof, Frankfurt
Grape wagon in Rüdesheim
Guide at Heidelberg Castle
Heidelberg castle from across the Neckar River
Heidelberg from the Castle
Heidelberg from the Castle
Heidelberg University
Historic Building where German Kings were crowned, Frankfurt
Hotel Ritters Park, Bad Homburg
HQ Finest Hotel in Baden-Baden
In Heidelberg Castle
Königstein, Saxony
Kronberg Castle
Library of Heidelberg University
Near Lorelei, Rhine River
Old man with oxen wagon
Public washhouse, The Rhine at Mainz
Rhine River at Mainz
Rhine River in South of Koblenz
Rhine River
Rote Lache Inn, Black Forest
Rothschild Home near Frankfurt
Rüdesheim Railway Station
Rüdesheim street along the Rhine
Steamer leaving Niederlahnstein, Rhine River
Street in Eppstein
Trees of Black Forest
Village in Nassau

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