30 Amazing Photos Capture Street Scenes of Amsterdam During World War II

Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands on 10 May 1940 and took control of the country. Some Amsterdam citizens sheltered Jews, thereby exposing themselves and their families to a high risk of being imprisoned or sent to concentration camps.

More than 100,000 Dutch Jews were deported to Nazi concentration camps, of whom some 60,000 lived in Amsterdam. In response, the Dutch Communist Party organized the February strike attended by 300,000 people to protest against the raids.

At the end of the Second World War, communication with the rest of the country broke down, and food and fuel became scarce. Many citizens travelled to the countryside to forage. Dogs, cats, raw sugar beets, and tulip bulbs—cooked to a pulp—were consumed to stay alive. Many trees in Amsterdam were cut down for fuel, and wood was taken from the houses, apartments and other buildings of deported Jews.

In the spring of 1945, Canadian forces liberated Amsterdam and the rest of the Netherlands.

These amazing photos capture street scenes of Amsterdam in 1940 and 1941.

Amsterdam Prins Hendrikkade/Centraal Station, 1940
Amsterdam Amstel near Hogesluis, 1940
Amsterdam Amstel, 1940
Amsterdam bridge Leidsestraat, 1940
Amsterdam Damrak, 1940
Amsterdam Jordaan street orchestra, 1940
Amsterdam Jordaan street, 1940
Amsterdam Leidsebosje, 1940
Amsterdam Minervaplein, 1940
Amsterdam Nieuwendijk, 1940
Amsterdam Nieuwmarkt, 1940
Amsterdam old women’s house, 1940
Amsterdam Pierement, 1940
Amsterdam pigeon keeper, 1940
Amsterdam pile driving, 1940
Amsterdam Prinseneiland, 1940
Amsterdam Prinsengracht facades, 1940
Amsterdam Prinsengracht, 1940
Amsterdam Reguliersgracht at night, 1940
Amsterdam Reguliersgracht during winter, 1940
Amsterdam south skyscraper, 1940
Amsterdam street scenes, 1940
Amsterdam within Amstel, 1940
Amsterdam within Amstel, 1940
Amsterdam C&A, 1941
Amsterdam in autumn, 1941
Amsterdam peel cart, 1941
Amsterdam pony taxi, 1941
Amsterdam pony taxi, 1941
Amsterdam tulip sale, spring 1941

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