48 Vintage Photos of Life in Canada during the 1950s

Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by total area. Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world’s longest bi-national land border. Canada’s capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Indigenous peoples have continuously inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years. Beginning in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled along the Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition. The country’s head of government is the prime minister—who holds office by virtue of their ability to command the confidence of the elected House of Commons—and is appointed by the governor general, representing the monarch, who serves as head of state. The country is a Commonwealth realm and is officially bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. It is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada’s long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.

A highly developed country, Canada has the 24th highest nominal per-capita income globally and the sixteenth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index. Its advanced economy is the ninth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Commonwealth of Nations, the Arctic Council, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the Organization of American States. (Wikipedia)

A barber shop owner in Edmonton, Alberta
Family on Lawn, Vancouver, B.C.
A big catch of Northern Pike proudly being shown off, Calgary, Alberta
A church gathering in St. Catharines, Ontario
A family and their 1957 Chev Nomad wagon, Calgary, Alberta
A family in Calgary, Alberta in the late 1950s
A group of people at Berean Bible College, Calgary, Alberta
Elysium Cleaners, Vancouver, B.C.
A group of people from the Russian Church in Kamsack, Saskatchewan
A group of people, posing for the camera in the village of Kamsack, Saskatchewan
A group of workers in the southern interior of British Columbia, 1958
A woman standing by the door of a shed in Newmarket, Ontario
A young couple and their baby in Calgary, Alberta, ca. 1950s
After the Sunday church service in Toronto, Ontario
An outdoor baptism in Saskatchewan in the late 1950s
Hastings and Columbia Street, Vancouver, B.C., 1958
An outdoor baptism in Saskatchewan in the late 1950s
An outdoor baptism in the late 1950s in Saskatchewan
Calgary, Alberta, late 1950s
Camping in Vernon, B.C, 1958
Children in Calgary, Alberta
Digging a well in Smokey Lake, Alberta
Filling up with gas in southern interior of British Columbia, ca. 1950s
Fishing in Calgary, Alberta in the late 1950s
Grand Forks, B.C, 1957
Grand Forks, B.C, 1957
Grand Forks, B.C, 1957
Main Street of small-town Saskatchewan in the late 1950s
Paris Cafe, Vancouver, B.C., 1959
Man feeds the chickens, Grand Forks, B.C, 1957
Man with his white horse, Grand Forks, B.C, 1957
Men at Prairie Bible Institute in Three Hills, Alberta
Mowing the lawn in Calgary, Alberta
People on their trip in Calgary, Alberta, ca. 1950s
People at Berean Bible College, Calgary, Alberta, 1959
People at Berean Bible College, Calgary, Alberta, 1959
A gathering of people after the Sunday church service in Toronto, Ontario
Selling Remembrance Day poppies in Calgary, 1958
Suppertime in Kamsack, Saskatchewan
The Dominion Bridge company, Calgary in the late 1950s
The interesection of Centre St and 9th Avenue South in downtown Calgary, Alberta, 1959
The Pentecostal Tabernacle in Castlegar, B.C, 1957
Two young boys in their winter garbs in Newmarket, Ontario
Vernon, B.C, 1959
Working an apple orchard in southern British Columbia, 1958
The corner of Yonge and Gerrard in Toronto, 1950s
Women coming far too close to a black bear, Banff, Alberta, 1951.
Banff, Alberta, 1952.

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